About one particular in 5 Irish 15-16-year-olds report applying cannabis. That indicates one particular in 5 adolescents are applying a drug that can have a multitude of demonstrably unfavorable effects on their brief- and extended-term mental overall health at a time when their brains are at the peak of their improvement.

Till fairly lately, cannabis use amongst Irish adolescents was in decline. In 2003, 17 per cent of 16-year-olds stated they had utilised the drug in the previous month that quantity dropped to 7 per cent in 2011. The reverse started quickly immediately after. Whilst there’s no single cause for this, one particular attainable explanation is that the percentage of teenagers who view cannabis as “low risk” enhanced from 10 per cent in 2011 to just about 20 per cent in 2015.

As a society, we have come to view cannabis via rose-tinted glasses. Contrary to increasingly prevalent belief, cannabis is not a harmless panacea, and it can be addictive. An estimated one particular in six who get started smoking or ingesting cannabis prior to the age of 18 come to be dependent.

Whilst the effects of alcohol and tobacco on physical overall health are nicely recognized, the public do not appear to be conscious that cannabis can be toxic to young people’s building brains. More than the previous couple of decades, quite a few scientific research have shown that cannabis use in young individuals drastically increases the threat of building mental overall health issues.

Heavy use of cannabis in adolescence can have extended-term effects on memory and cognition

There is sturdy proof that cannabis use increases the threat of depression and anxiousness in young individuals. The threat of youth suicide increases 3-fold. There are a huge quantity of research now displaying that cannabis use causes psychosis.The threat of building a psychotic illness such as schizophrenia is specifically higher in individuals who get started applying higher potency cannabis through adolescence it is estimated that 50 per cent of all new circumstances of initial-episode psychosis in Amsterdam are due to cannabis.

Cannabis use in adolescence and young adulthood can have critical effects on a person’s lifetime prospects. The comic stereotype of the lazy stoner is, in reality, no laughing matter: heavy use of cannabis in adolescence can have extended-term effects on memory and cognition and can lead to a drop of up to six IQ points.

The cannabis of 2019 is not the cannabis of the Woodstock era. In the 1970s, a standard joint contained about 1-two per cent tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound that provides the user a higher. Today’s joints can be 10 occasions stronger in THC content material. Young individuals are inhaling and ingesting a far a lot more potent and addictive substance than their parents ever did.

Strange paradox

There is now a strange paradox in society. Our politicians, media and celebrity influencers are increasingly conscious of mental overall health, specifically amongst the youth, and that it is a priority location. Nonetheless, these pretty identical individuals are most likely to view cannabis as harmless or advantageous, regardless of the increasing physique of scientific proof to the contrary.

Colorado now has a lot more ‘pot shops’ than McDonalds outlet

As former New York Occasions journalist Alex Berenson wrote in his new book, Inform Your Young children: The Truth About Marijuana, Mental Illness and Violence, considerably of the American public’s shift in perception can be traced back to thriving campaigns (which are normally funded by organisations with hyperlinks to the cannabis sector) to legalise cannabis merchandise for a variety of “medicinal” makes use of whose added benefits are largely unproven in clinical trials. After cannabis has been legalised for “medicinal” use, it is then less difficult to persuade the public and legislators to proceed with complete legalisation of cannabis for recreational use.

Advocates of legalisation guarantee a Shangri-La of moderate and sensible drug use, and an finish to the black market place and the “war on drugs”. Nonetheless, the initial outcomes from nations exactly where cannabis restrictions have been lifted do not make for comfy reading.

Black market place

In Canada and the US states exactly where cannabis is legal for recreational use, the black market place nevertheless thrives. In Colorado, the initial US state to legalise for recreational use, cannabis-connected presentations to emergency departments have trebled, and the percentage of drivers involved in fatal car or truck crashes who tested optimistic for cannabis has doubled.

Young children are increasingly becoming observed in emergency departments with accidental overdoses of “edible” cannabis merchandise such as gummy bears and chocolate. There are also emerging reports of deaths in young individuals from vaping THC merchandise. Colorado now has a lot more “pot shops” than McDonalds outlets.

Couple of Irish policymakers appear interested in factoring the expenses of enhanced cannabis use into our overburdened overall health technique, or our education, justice and welfare systems.

Specialists and health-related specialists concerned about cannabis have been, till fairly lately, largely silent in pointing out the harms of cannabis use, possibly hoping that the scientific and clinical proof will speak for itself. However, that is not how it operates.

The public and legislators need to have to hear the other side of the story, cost-free from the influence of cannabis

sector lobbyists. We can’t sell our young people’s mental overall health for a speedy buck.

Mary Cannon is a consultant psychiatrist and professor of psychiatric epidemiology and youth mental overall health at RCSI.